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Summary

This article focuses on the reintegration experiences of returnees to northern Iraq who have left abroad over the last four decades and returned since the 1990s. It looks at their return preparedness and their experiences in re-establishing themselves after return. It also discusses migration in northern Iraq, which is a product of global, postcolonial processes, and how financial remittances do not constitute a main motivation for emigration in this region. Finally, the article provides a PDF download and information about the authors, research clusters, countries, copyright, privacy policy, and other legal information.

Q&As

What is the focus of the article?
The focus of the article is on the reintegration experiences of returnees to northern Iraq who have left abroad over the last four decades and returned since the 1990s.

What different reasons do migrants have for leaving and returning to northern Iraq?
Migrants have different reasons for leaving and returning to northern Iraq, such as conflict/political and/or economic reasons.

What are the four reintegration dimensions discussed in the article?
The four reintegration dimensions discussed in the article are economic, social, psychological, and political-structural.

What forms of migration are unique to northern Iraq?
Financial remittances do not constitute a main motivation for emigration in northern Iraq, as opposed to other origin and return countries for migrants in Europe. Instead, Iraqi Kurds seek a better life, and their migration entails the search for autonomy and often signifies a political act of emancipation from governance failure in the origin context.

What topics are covered by the various publications mentioned in the article?
The various publications mentioned in the article cover topics such as policy advice, technical advice and capacity development, information of the public, data and geographic information systems, and research clusters.

AI Comments

👍 This comprehensive article offers a great overview of the migration process in Northern Iraq, from the perspective of the returnees. It provides valuable information on return preparedness and different reintegration dimensions.

👎 The article does not explain the underlying reasons for why people are leaving and returning to Northern Iraq, leaving out crucial information.

AI Discussion

Me: It discusses the reintegration experiences of returnees to northern Iraq who have left abroad over the last four decades and returned since the 1990s. It looks at the individual and institutional level of return preparedness and the four reintegration dimensions (economic, social, psychological, political-structural) that are involved in the process.

Friend: That's interesting. It sounds like there are a lot of implications to consider. What do you think they are?

Me: Well, first, it highlights the fact that migration from Iraq is driven by global, postcolonial processes that are shaped by unequal international relations. This means that the returnees are coming back to a very different context than what they left. Second, it looks at the individual and institutional level of return preparedness, which could have a significant impact on how successful the reintegration process is. Finally, it examines the four reintegration dimensions, which could also affect how well the returnees are able to settle back into their home country. Overall, it's a complex issue that requires careful consideration and analysis.

Action items

Technical terms

Armament and arms control
The development, production, and use of weapons and military technology.
Dynamics of violent conflict
The study of the causes and effects of violent conflict.
Order and change
The study of how societies and individuals respond to changes in their environment.
Policy advice
Advice given to governments and other organizations on how to address a particular issue.
Technical advice and capacity development
Assistance given to organizations to help them improve their operations and increase their capacity to deliver services.
Information of the public
The dissemination of information to the public.
Data and Geographic Information Systems
Systems used to store, analyze, and visualize geographic data.
BICC Policy Brief
A publication from the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) that provides concise information on current topics related to peace and security.
BICC Working Paper
A publication from the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) that provides in-depth analysis of current topics related to peace and security.
BICC Knowledge Notes
A publication from the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) that provides short summaries of current topics related to peace and security.
BICC GMI
A publication from the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) that provides information on the Global Military Index.
BICC Annual Report
A publication from the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) that provides an overview of the organization’s activities and accomplishments.
Books
A published work of literature or non-fiction.
Journal articles
A published article in a scholarly journal.
Book chapters
A section of a book.
Other publications and material
Any other published material.
By author
A way of organizing publications by the author’s name.
By category
A way of organizing publications by subject.
By research clusters
A way of organizing publications by research clusters.
By country
A way of organizing publications by country.
Returnees' Reintegration Experiences
The experiences of people who have left a country and returned at some point in time.
Migration
The movement of people from one place to another.
Global capitalism
An economic system based on the free market and private ownership of the means of production.
Geopolitics
The study of the effects of geography on international politics

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