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Dreams of Replacing Humans in Finance May Come True


ChatGPT, a new app, is being studied for its potential use in finance. GPT models, which are five-year-old AI applications, are the hottest current approach to working with language data. Two recent studies suggest that ChatGPT may be a promising technology to improve investment decision making and to explain its decisions. One study tested its ability to determine if a sentence from a Federal Reserve statement was dovish or hawkish, and it outperformed dictionary-based models. The second study tested ChatGPT's ability to rate news headlines as good or bad for stock prices, and the results were inconclusive. Overall, ChatGPT may be a valuable tool in quantitative and qualitative investing.


What is ChatGPT?
ChatGPT is an app that allows users to have human-like conversations that include reasonable-sounding and often correct answers to all sorts of questions.

How has ChatGPT been used in finance?
ChatGPT has been used in finance to determine if an individual sentence from a Federal Reserve statement was “dovish” or “hawkish” and to forecast stock price movements.

What is the purpose of high-frequency trading?
The purpose of high-frequency trading is to rate each sentence in a Fed release and use the output along with other data to trade federal funds futures or other instruments before the human analysts have finished reading the first word in the release.

How did ChatGPT perform in comparison to other models in deciphering Federal Reserve statements?
ChatGPT performed better than dictionary-based models that looked only for certain words and when fine-tuned with extra training on Fed statements, it agreed with human researchers about as often as two human researchers agreed with each other.

What evidence is there that suggests ChatGPT can be used to improve investment decisions?
The second paper tested the strategy of buying a stock with good news at the open after the headline was released and selling at the close; or selling at the open and buying back at the close if the headline was bad. The results suggested that ChatGPT was better than popular alternative models and that it had some small positive value.

AI Comments

👍 This article does an excellent job of showing how AI technology is quickly advancing to replace humans in finance.

👎 This article does not provide enough evidence to make a case for AI replacing humans in finance.

AI Discussion

Me: It's about how ChatGPT, an AI technology, has the potential to replace humans in finance. Two studies have recently shown that it can decipher Fedspeak and forecast stock price movements.

Friend: Wow, that's really interesting. It makes me think of the long-term implications of this technology.

Me: Yeah, it could certainly be a game-changer in the finance world. We could see AI being used more widely in quantitative and qualitative investing. It could also lead to faster decision-making and more accurate predictions. On the other hand, it could lead to job losses as AI takes over certain tasks currently done by humans.

Action items

Technical terms

ChatGPT stands for Generative Pre-trained Transformer, a five-year-old idea that may be a game-changer in AI applications. It is an AI tool that can work with humans, and learn from them, and teach them rather than some incomprehensible black box.
Artificial Intelligence, or AI, is a field of research that seeks to create machines that can think and act like humans.
Dovish and hawkish are terms used to describe the stance of a central bank on monetary policy. A dovish stance suggests the central bank is more likely to cut than raise interest rates, while a hawkish stance suggests the opposite.
High-Frequency Trading
High-frequency trading is a type of algorithmic trading that uses computer programs to rapidly buy and sell stocks and other financial instruments.
Regression is a statistical technique used to analyze the relationship between two or more variables. It is used to predict the value of one variable based on the values of other variables.

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